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Indian Railways

Information about Indian Railways :

Websites of Indian Railway


Indian Railways (reporting mark IR / भा. रे) is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. As of December 2012, it transported over 25 million passengers daily (over 9 billion on an annual basis). In 2011, IR carried over 8,900 million passengers annually or more than 24 million passengers daily (roughly half of which were suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. In 2011–2012 Indian Railways had revenues of INR1119848.9 million (US$18 billion) which consists of INR696759.7 million (US$11 billion) from freight and INR286455.2 million (US$4.6 billion) from passengers tickets.

Railways were first introduced to India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India and are assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. Its operations cover twenty four states and three union territories and also provides limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Indian Railways is the world’s ninth largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees. As for rolling stock, IR holds over 239,281 Freight Wagons, 59,713 Passenger Coaches and 9,549 Locomotives (43 steam, 5,197 diesel and 4,309 electric locomotives). The trains have a 5 digit numbering system as the Indian Railways runs about 10,000 trains daily. As of 31 March 2013, 23,541 km (14,628 mi) (36%) of the total 65,000 km (40,000 mi) km route length was electrified.[4] Since 1960, almost all electrified sections on IR use 25,000 Volt AC traction through overhead catenary delivery.

Indian Railway Zones

Zonal railways details

Sl. No Name Abbr. Date Established Route km Headquarters Divisions
1. Central CR 5 November 1951 3905 Mumbai Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur
2. East Central ECR 1 October 2002 3628 Hajipur Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai,Samastipur, Sonpur
3. East Coast ECoR 1 April 2003 2677 Bhubaneswar Khurda Road, Sambalpur and Waltair (Visakhapatnam)
4. Eastern ER April 1952 2414 Kolkata Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda
5. North Central NCR 1 April 2003 3151 Allahabad Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi
6. North Eastern NER 1952 3667 Gorakhpur Izzatnagar, Lucknow, Varanasi
7. North Western NWR 1 October 2002 5459 Jaipur Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur
8. Northeast Frontier NFR 15 January 1958 3907 Guwahati Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangia, Lumding,Tinsukia
9. Northern NR 14 April 1952 6968 Delhi Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow,Moradabad
10. South Central SCR 2 October 1966 5803 Secunderabad Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Guntakal, Guntur,Nanded, Secunderabad
11. South East Central SECR 1 April 2003 2447 Bilaspur Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur
12. South Eastern SER 1955 2631 Kolkata Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi,
13. South Western SWR 1 April 2003 3177 Hubli Hubli, Bangalore, Mysore
14. Southern SR 14 April 1951 5098 Chennai Chennai, Trichy, Madurai, Salem, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram
15. West Central WCR 1 April 2003 2965 Jabalpur Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota
16. Western WR 5 November 1951 6182 Mumbai Mumbai Central, Ratlam, Ahmedabad,Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Vadodara
17. Metro Railway, Kolkata MR 31 December 2010 27 Kolkata -
Total 64106